Not All Ingredients Are Equal

Ingredients are vehicles for nutrients. All animals big or small have daily nutrient requirements; they do not have specific food item requirements. They need protein, fat, carbohydrates/fibre, vitamins and minerals, and water, in specific amounts. By combining different ingredients, it is possible to meet the daily nutritional requirements of your dog or cat. The best products will be formulated with highly digestible ingredients that provide the highest quality of these nutrients in an extremely palatable format. In other words, the quality of a food does not start OR end at the face value of the ingredient deck. It takes science, research, innovation, expertise, and clinical trials to provide optimal nutrition.

What Factors Can Affect Ingredient Quality?

Animal Products

Health

Time

Sorting/trimming

Storage

Processing/Cooking

Plant Products

Variety

Climate

Storage

Contamination

Processing/Grinding

 

References
1. Karalazos et al. 2011. Influence of the dietary protein:lipid ratio and fish oil substitution on fatty acid composition and metabolism of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) reared at high water temperatures. Br J Nutr. 105(7):1012-25.

2. Bruckner et al. 2012. Influence of cold chain interruptions on the shelf life of fresh pork and poultry. International Journal of Food Science & Technology. 47:8;1639–1646.
3. Lawrie RA. Ledward DA. 2006. Lawrie’s meat science (7th ed.). Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing Limited.
4. . National Research Council (NRC). 2006. Nutrient Requirements of Dogs and Cats. The National Academies Press, Washington, DC, USA.
5. Huang et al. 2011. Influence of heat on protein degradation, ultrastructure and eating quality indicators of pork. J Sci Food Agric. 91(3):443-8.
6. Santé-Lhoutellier et al. 2008. Effect of meat cooking on physicochemical state and in vitro digestibility of myofibrillar proteins. J Agric Food Chem. 56(4):1488-94.
7. Shurson et al 2005. Corn by-product diversity and feeding value to non-ruminants Proc. MN Nutr. Conf.
8. Babcock B et al. 2008. Using distillers grains in the U.S. and international livestock and poultry industries. MATRIC, The Midwest Agribusiness Trade, Research and Information Center. Iowa USA. Available at: http://www.card.iastate.edu/books/distillers_grains/pdfs/distillers_grains_book.pdf
9. American Geosciences Institute. Accessed on Sept 2012: http://www.agiweb.org/environment/publications/powerpoints/SoilTypes.ppt)
10. Miransari et al. 2009. Effects of soil compaction and arbuscular mycorrhiza on corn (Zea mays L.) nutrient uptake. Soil and Tillage Research. 103(2): 282–290.
11. Canada Grain Council’s Complete Guide to Wheat Management. 2002. Canada Grains Council.
12. Hui YH. 2007. Handbook of Meat, Poultry and Seafood Quality (ed L. M. L. Nollet). Blackwell Publishing, Ames, Iowa, USA.

 

Ingredients

 

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